Developmental Disabilities and Menstruation

Dr. Mary Elizabeth Christian's daughter, Grace

For some, approaching conversations around puberty and menstruation with your child can feel intimidating, but if you add a disability into the mix, you may be grappling with even more questions on how to help your child navigate this next stage of her life. Will my child be able to independently navigate her period? Is it best to stop her period all together? How can I help prepare my child for menstruation and bodily changes at the level she needs to understand? Unfortunately, menstruation for individuals with disabilities is still an area that is under researched, but there are some resources available that make planning for this next stage a little easier. Compiled below is a list of possible resources for you & your child, as well as personal insight from Dr. Mary Elizabeth Christian based on the experiences she had teaching menstrual care to her own daughter with PCDH19 Epilepsy.

Introducing the Conversation

Like any child nearing puberty, it is important to prepare your child for what this stage of her life will look like. Many families choose to do this by providing books to their child to read or reading books together. If your child with a disability needs more explicit teaching or simplified reading options, social stories can help lead the conversation. Social stories are short stories, typically written in the first person, designed to concisely describe a situation and teach the desired expectations and outcomes during that situation. These are great teaching tools for children with autism or those who require direct instruction of a concept. Possible options:

Book Examples

Social Story Examples

Teaching the Process

As a general rule, if your child is able to use the toilet independently, she will likely be able to learn how to handle her own menstrual care. That being said, it may take longer for a child with a disability to learn the process and require more explicit teaching than a child without a disability. It is best to start discussing and teaching the skills needed for menstruation care well before you expect your child to have her first menstrual cycle (up to a few years prior to the expected start date, depending on the support needs of your child). This will allow adequate time for her to learn the skills necessary before it is needed to be put into practice.

If your child receives ABA therapy, the teaching of menstrual care is something you can bring up to her therapist and ask for his/her recommendations on how to teach this skill. If not, it still may be helpful to approach this skill through an ABA lense.